Cartilage is a flexible connective tissue found in the joints of the hands and the feet. It is present in the earlobe, nose, airways and chest. It is lighter in weight than bone or muscle. Its main feature is the flexibility it gives the ability to adapt the movement and dominate the high pressures that occur while the bones move.
Cartilage is the main carrier of joint mobility, especially in view of the mechanical properties including the response to friction during movement, pressure and tension. Articular cartilage comprises chondrocytes and cell matrix whose main component is collagen.
As the years pass, the cartilage begins to shade and this is creating major problems in daily activities. According to age, which is a natural process of exposure, obesity is also a causing significant pressure on joints by increasing pressure, especially in the knees and because the movement becomes difficult major problem.
Excessive physical activity and weight bearing also lead to mechanical damage, which is typical or athletes. control machines that produce large vibrations can also lead to exposure of cartilage in the joints.
road to recovery is long and arduous and requires strict devotion to therapy.
According to its damage, cartilage is also prone to diseases which undoubtedly the most common is Osteoarthritis , which affects all body joints.
This disease leads to loss of the layer between bones in joints which increases the pressure that leads to inflammation and pain. Because the muscles around the bones weaken.
The disease occurs in case of injury or combination of several factors such as genetic predisposition, age, weight and excessive stress. It is most common in people in their forties and much more in men than in women.
Osteoarthritis develops slowly with a dull pain in the thumb, knee or hip. You can not easily diagnose because the pain in the beginning is not significant. Depending on the stage of the disease, the therapy is determined for healing.
Preference is given to acetaminophen or ibuprofen as diklofen drugs. If they can not help antirheumatic drugs are following. Weight control is necessary with gentle exercise. The last option for healing is the operation or use of hyaluronic acid injections.
Chondrolysis is a disease which occurs in cartilage matrix necrosis surface as the joint surfaces or as a crack. The reason may be an injury, infection or as a result of long immobilization of joints.
Chndromalacia is a disease of the joints accompanied by severe pain during movement. This disease can occur in adolescence, particularly in girls and is characteristic as the deformation of the legs in an X or O or unequal limbs.
achondroplasia is an inherited disease that is occurring as a result of genetic mutations. In this disease the problem is occurring because of the transformation of cartilage into bone leading to alterations in the development and dwarfism.
spinal disc herniation is a disease that usually affects the elderly in which there is damage present in the in-between units. As a result of lifting, sudden bending or twisting of the spine, the penetration of the core unit is passing through the annulus fibrosus and pressure to nerves that pass through the spine. If a division of ligaments that connect the vertebrae occurs, it is the occurrence of a herniated disc that causes severe pain.
cartilage tumors are very rare and can develop primarily in the bones. Those are benign and malignant tumors chondrosarcoma are the articular cartilage.
high quality food that is rich in vitamins and amino acids can prevent cartilage damage. Especially intake is important amino acid lysine through pulses, eggs, soybeans, yogurt, cheese and nuts. Also another important substance is hrodotin that maintains the elasticity and flexibility of the joints that can be found in seafood, lobster, crab …
Foods rich in vitamins help restore and preserve cartilage joint
vitamin A – as a potent antibiotic that fights against free radicals that can damage cells. During recovery of cartilage that is convenient for you to eat foods that are rich in this vitamin :. Fish oil, dairy products, vegetables, peppers bright colors, tomatoes, melons and carrots
Vitamin C – help in the regeneration of collagen, which plays a role important in the formation of tendons and ligaments. The recommendation is up to 90 mg daily of vitamin supplements or through citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons, grapefruit and kiwifruit and vegetables such as green salad.
Vitamin D – Vitamin D deficiency can cause arthritis and therefore lead to joint diseases. The development of this vitamin is happening if you just stay in the sun and by eating foods such as fish, ostiriga, dairy products, butter and margarine.
Vitamin K – this active vitamin Gla protein that is required for reconstruction of cartilage. It also controls the mineralization of bones and supports the development of bone tissue. Lettuce, parsley and olive oil are particularly rich in this vitamin. Your recommended daily intake is 125 mg for men and 90 mg for women.
With respect to glucosamine , which is considered one of the most effective for the treatment of arthritis and cartilage regeneration agents. Glucosamine is used as glucosamine sulfate whose application stimulates the incorporation of sulfur into cartilage, increases the flexibility and mobility of the joint. Glucosamine is applied topically in a cream, gel or lotion is affected area with analgesics for pain relief.
In alternative medicine, several well-known for threatening arthritis and joint pain forms are mentioned.
Natural form for cartilage regeneration
Application of bovine gelatin is one of the most effective for the regeneration of damaged cartilage natural remedies. The gelatin composition is very similar to cartilage; which it is rich in amino acids, proteins and collagen and its positive effects are following regular consumption.
It is recommended to consume up to 10 grams per day in the treatment, which lasts 30 days. After completing this treatment six months break should follow.
For the red and swollen knee , two coating having immediate effect is to be applied. The coating of sour milk mixed with a small amount of olive oil should be applied to the knee injury and is wrapped with a cotton cloth.
Because sour milk extracts heat, forming by this decrease inflammation. Other coating involves the use of cabbage leaves, mashed and apply them to your knee and then wrap with a cotton cloth. This coating must stand for 2 hours.
If chronic pain , nettle tea which is rich in silicic acid is recommended, and the effect can help reduce pain. The tea should be prepared by two tablespoons nettle poured with 200 ml of water and as this mixed drink should be consumed three times daily.
Physical therapies are effective to eliminate joint pain involving magnets and LED lights that reduce swelling, pain and stiffness, and certainly have no adverse effect .
Acupuncture is also one of the ways to relieve pain, as it acts on the immune system, reduces stress and increases the body’s resistance. Also, spend time in spas and mineral water treatments and mud to patients suffering from arthritis and act therapeutically in diseased joints.
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